Wednesday, 15 January 2020

What animal are you?

What animal are you?

What is a Therianthrope?
Generally accepted Definition: A person who experiences being and identifies as a non-human animal on an integral, personal level.

Friday, 3 January 2020

Full Moon Calendar

Hunter's Moon

The "harvest moon" is the full moon nearest to the autumnal equinox (22 or 23 September), occurring anytime within two weeks before or after that date.[15] The "hunter's moon" is the full moon following it. The names are recorded from the early 18th century.

Sunday, 22 December 2019

Great Red Dragon

William Blake

The Great Red Dragon Paintings are a series of watercolour paintings by the English poet and painter William Blake, painted between 1805 and 1810.

And behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads. And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth.

— (Rev. 12:3–4, KJV)

Friday, 20 December 2019

The Truth

“Evidence is always partial. Facts are not truth, though they are part of it – information is not knowledge. And history is not the past – it is the method we have evolved of organising our ignorance of the past. It’s the record of what’s left on the record. It’s the plan of the positions taken, when we to stop the dance to note them down. It’s what’s left in the sieve when the centuries have run through it – a few stones, scraps of writing, scraps of cloth. It is no more “the past” than a birth certificate is a birth, or a script is a performance, or a map is a journey. It is the multiplication of the evidence of fallible and biased witnesses, combined with incomplete accounts of actions not fully understood by the people who performed them. It’s no more than the best we can do, and often it falls short of that.”

― Hilary Mantel

Friday, 13 December 2019

Authoritarian Personality

The authoritarian personality has a strict superego, which controls a weak ego that is unable to cope with the strong impulses of the id. The resulting intrapsychic conflicts cause personal insecurities, which result in the superego adhering to externally imposed conventional norms (conventionalism), and unquestioning obedience to the authorities who impose and administer the social norms of society (authoritarian submission). The ego-defense mechanism of psychological projection arises when the authoritarian person avoids self-reference to the anxiety-producing impulse(s) of the id, by projecting the impulse(s) onto the "inferior" minority social-groups of the culture (projectivity), which are expressed by way of greatly evaluative and harshly judgemental beliefs (power and toughness) and rigid (stereotypy).

Thursday, 12 December 2019


Therianthropy is the mythological ability of human beings to metamorphose into other animals by means of shapeshifting. It is possible that cave drawings found at Les Trois Frères, in France, depict ancient beliefs in the concept. The most well known form of therianthropy is found in stories concerning werewolves.

Wednesday, 9 October 2019

We are not asking for the right answers but the right questions (the Manager)



Einstein: “If I had an hour to solve a problem and my life depended on the solution, I would spend the first 55 minutes determining the proper question to ask… for once I know the proper question, I could solve the problem in less than five minutes.”

“It is not the answer that enlightens, but the question.” – Eugene Ionesco

Tuesday, 25 June 2019

Planetary Notes:

Venus, Uranus: anti-clockwise rotation

Venus spins on its axis from east to west, while Uranus is tilted so far over, it's virtually spinning on its side. ... But Venus and Uranus are the exceptions: they have what's known as retrograde rotation, spinning counter to the rotation of the Sun.

Neptune, the blue planet

Neptune is the eighth and farthest known planet from the Sun in the Solar System. In the Solar ... Traces of methane in the outermost regions in part account for the planet's blue appearance. In contrast to the hazy, relatively featureless ..

Triton orbits Neptune in what is known as a retrograde orbit. This means that it orbits Neptune a direction opposite the planet's rotation. It is the only large moon in the Solar System to do this. Astronomers are not quite sure of the reason for this retrograde orbit.

Son of Poseidon
The planet Neptune is surrounded by a system of 8 moons. Most of these are tiny, with diameters of less than 500 miles. One of these moons, however, is quite large and warrants further investigation. This is the moon Triton. It was named after the Greek god Triton, who was the son of Poseidon (Neptune). He is usually portrayed as having the head and body of a man and the tail of a fish. This moon of Neptune was discovered by the British astronomer William Lassell in 1846. Since then it has been visited by only one spacecraft, Voyager 2, in 1989.

The Backwards Moon
Triton orbits Neptune in what is known as a retrograde orbit. This means that it orbits Neptune a direction opposite the planet's rotation. It is the only large moon in the Solar System to do this. Astronomers are not quite sure of the reason for this retrograde orbit. Some believe that it condensed this way from the original material of the early solar system. Others think that Triton may have been formed elsewhere and then captured by Neptune's gravity. In fact, many astronomers have noticed that the surface features of Triton, as well as its size, are very similar to what they believe the planet Pluto to look like. Some even wonder if there is some connection between Triton's features and the fact that Pluto actually crosses Neptune's orbit from time to time. Just what that connection might be is anyone's guess at this point.

It's not Pluto, the one with the greatest radius, nor Eris, the one with the greatest mass. Instead, Triton — the largest moon of Neptune — has them both beat.

Only Earth's Moon, Saturn's Titan, and the four Galilean moons of Jupiter surpassing it.

Wednesday, 29 May 2019

Beware of the Fire Horse

The Horse is the seventh of all zodiac animals. According to one myth, the Jade Emperor said the order would be decided by the order in which they arrived to his party. Horse had to pass a cemetery on his way, but he was too scared. He hesitated for the longest time because running past it with his eyes closed. After he overcame that obstacle, he went at full speed and managed to arrive seventh.

Horses are free spirits who need space to be themselves.

Comment: then they become a bloody nuisance

Friday, 3 August 2018

THINK before you post

Monday, 18 June 2018

Historians and the Truth

It is possible tor competent historians to come to radically different conclusions on the basis of the same evidence. Because, of course, 99% of the evidence, above all, unrecorded speech, is not available to us.’

Evidence is always partial. Facts are not truth, though they are part of it, information is not knowledge. And history is not the past - it is the method we have evolved of organizing our ignorance of the past. It’s the record of what’s left on the record. It’s the plan of the positions taken, when we to stop the dance to note them down. It’s what’s left in the sieve when the centuries have run through it - a few stones, scraps of writing, scraps of cloth. It is no more ‘the past’ than a birth certificate is a birth, or a script is a performance, or a map is a journey. It is the multiplication of the evidence of fallible and biased witnesses, combined with incomplete accounts of actions not fully understood by the people who performed them. It’s no more than the best we can do, and often it falls short of that.

Historians are sometimes scrupulous and self-aware, sometimes careless or biased. Yet in either case, and hardly knowing which is which, we cede them moral authority. They do not consciously fictionalize, and we believe they are roving to tell the truth. But historical novelists face - as they should - questions about whether their work

Sunday, 15 April 2018


"The liberty of the individual must be thus far limited;
he must not make himself a nuisance to other people"

John Stuart Mill

I very much doubt that he had either boundary disputes or rights of way in mind, but if everyone could find it within themselves to remember that the rights they assert for themselves might impinge upon the rights of their neighbours, and make allowance accordingly, then there might be far fewer boundary disputes.

Friday, 5 May 2017


A theory is a supposition which we hope to be true, a hypothesis is a supposition which we expect to be useful; fictions belong to the realm of art; if made to intrude elsewhere, they become either make-believes or mistakes.
— G. Johnstone Stoney

Dealbreakers (MBTI)

We all have dealbreakers – that is, certain traits or behaviours that we absolutely won’t tolerate in a partner. Though many of us can agree on some common dealbreakers, each Myers-Briggs personality type has a slightly different take on which ones are completely non-negotiable.

Wednesday, 29 March 2017


Marc Warner, chief executive of ASI Data Science, said: “Most people live in a bubble whereby their experiences in life are heavily influenced by the area they live in and the people they interact with.

Monday, 27 February 2017

The Wolf and the Lamb

The tyrant will always find a pretext for his tyranny, and it is useless for the innocent to try by reasoning to get justice, when the oppressor intends to be unjust.


The Wolf is a rational kinda fella. Just got his own agenda.

Tuesday, 31 January 2017

The 8 Types Of Narcissists

QUOTE: As evidence kept mounting that mine was too, I wondered how this catch-all cluster of traits known as narcissism could seem to hold true for so many people. So, I set out to do some research. Then it dawned on me; narcissists have always been with us in great number. They just weren't labeled as such.

Jungian Pyramid

Friday, 6 January 2017



The branch of ecology that deals with the biological relationship between an individual organism or an individual species and its environment.

The reincarnation of Granny as a Hamster!

cf. Therianthropy

Therianthropy is the mythological ability of human beings to metamorphose into other animals by means of shapeshifting. It is possible that cave drawings found at Les Trois Frères, in France, depict ancient beliefs in the concept. The most well known form of therianthropy is found in stories concerning werewolves.


Word for ascribing animal-like mentality to humans (opposite of anthropomorphize)

Zoomorphism is the shaping of something in animal form or terms. Examples include:

Art that imagines humans as non-human animals
Art that portrays one species of animal like another species of animal
Art that creates patterns using animal imagery, or animal style
Deities depicted in animal form, such as exist in ancient Egyptian religion
Therianthropy: the ability to shapeshift into animal form[3]
Attributing animal form or other animal characteristics to anything other than an animal; similar to but broader than anthropomorphism
The tendency of viewing human behaviour in terms of the behaviour of animals, contrary to anthropomorphism, which views animal or non-animal behaviour in human terms
The word derives from the Greek ζωον (zōon), meaning animal, and μορφη (morphē), meaning shape or form.

Friday, 16 December 2016

Tuesday, 29 November 2016

Glossary of Sexual and Romantic Orientation

Asexual Spectrum

Sunday, 25 September 2016

Wednesday, 17 August 2016

Déjà vu

Most of us have had that funny feeling that you have experienced something before, but can't quite place it.

Until now, scientists have been in the dark about the strange phenomenon known as déjà vu, meaning "already seen" in French, but new evidence suggests that not experiencing it could be a sign of health problems.

Researcher Akira O'Connor, from the University of St Andrews, UK, has been exploring the concept of deja vu, and believes it's a way of the brain checking that its memories are correct.


Saturday, 2 July 2016

Voter's politics and his personality

There is a strong relationship between a voter's politics and his personality, according to new research from the University of Toronto.

Researchers at UofT have shown that the psychological concern for compassion and equality is associated with a liberal mindset, while the concern for order and respect of social norms is associated with a conservative mindset.

This is too simple and very questionable.

Friday, 17 June 2016

The Paragon Learning Style Inventory (PLSI)

The Paragon Learning Style Inventory (PLSI)

Monday, 13 June 2016

Brownsville - Three Angels

"Now I’ve always been the kind of person that doesn’t like to trespass
but sometimes you just find yourself over the line
Oh if there’s an original thought out there, I could use it right now"

Comment; I don't see any independent thought out there in society, just repeating the same mistakes over and over again.

"Three angels up above the street
Each one playing a horn
Dressed in green robes with wings that stick out"
"The whole earth in progressions seems to pass by
But does anyone hear the music they play ?
Does anyone even try ?"

Saturday, 26 March 2016

Brief Discussion on Inductive/Deductive Profiling

Profiles constructed by the FBI profilers, most private profilers, clinical psychologists, criminologists, and the police routinely draw inferences about, for example, serial murderers and their behaviors based solely on work experience, gut feelings, and the motivation of the offender. This form of deductive profiling is where the profiler assumes one or more facts as self-evident about a crime or offender and then, following work experience and hunches, arrives at other facts commonly called conclusions. Hence, the FBI profiles are deductive rather than inductive. However, some argue that the FBI profiling method is inductive. Broadly, the argument put forth for the FBI method being inductive is, since the FBI relies on data collected from interviews with serial murderers, as a foundation for developing their profiles, then their reasoning must be inductive. The basis for this argument is flawed, because the data collected by the FBI has never been empirically analyzed, or has it been properly organized in a systematic manner so that profilers could refer to it in future. Rather, the information has been passed down over the years based on memories of past experiences and inferences gleaned from the interviews in order to arrive at conclusions about a particular case. To be sure, deductive reasoning is from the general (passed down information) to the specific (case).

John Stuart Mill established a distinction between deductive logic, in which we extrapolate from general principles, and inductive logic, in which we draw conclusions from specific cases. Mill maintained that inductive logic is the true basis of knowledge.

Cross reference:

Sunday, 6 December 2015

Paragon Results


Tuesday, 25 August 2015

Doors of Perception

Reflecting on my experience, I find myself agreeing with the eminent Cambridge philosopher, Dr. C.D. Broad, "that we should do well to consider much more seriously than we have hitherto been inclined to do the type of theory which Bergson put forward in connection with memory and sense perception.
The suggestion is that the function of the brain and nervous system and sense organs is in the main eliminative and not productive. Each person is at each moment capable of remembering all that has ever happened to him and of perceiving everything that is happening everywhere in the universe. The function of the brain and nervous system is to protect us from being overwhelmed and confused by this mass of largely useless and irrelevant knowledge, by shutting out most of what we should otherwise perceive or remember at any moment, and leaving only that very small and special selection which is likely to be practically useful." According to such a theory, each one of us is potentially Mind at Large. But in so far as we are animals, our business is at all costs to survive. To make biological survival possible, Mind at Large has to be funneled through the reducing valve of the brain and nervous system. What comes out at the other end is a measly trickle of the kind of consciousness which will help us to stay alive on the surface of this Particular planet. To formulate and express the contents of this reduced awareness, man has invented and endlessly elaborated those symbol-systems and implicit philosophies which we call languages. Every individual is at once the beneficiary and the victim of the linguistic tradition into which he has been born - the beneficiary inasmuch as language gives access to the accumulated records of other people's experience, the victim in so far as it confirms him in the belief that reduced awareness is the only awareness and as it bedevils his sense of reality, so that he is all too apt to take his concepts for data, his words for actual things (page 6)

Wednesday, 15 April 2015

Io - Moon (Sibling) of Jupiter

With over 400 active volcanoes, Io is the most geologically active object in the Solar System.

MBTI Prayers


Lord, help me to relax my focus on insignificant details, even though any of them may cause significant problems later. But let us begin this tomorrow at 8:31:04 am.


God, please help me to consider other people's feelings, even if most of them ARE excessively hypersensitive.


God help me to accept responsibility for my own actions, even though problems are usually NOT my fault.


God, please help me to not try to RUN everything.
But, if You need some help, just ask.


Lord, please help me to be more laid back and help me to do that EXACTLY correctly.


Lord, help me to stand up for my rights (if you don't mind my asking).


God help me to take things more seriously, especially jokes, parties, conversation and dancing.


God give me the patience I need to deal with things more effectively, and I mean right NOW!


Lord. Please help me not to be so perfectionistic!

(Did I spell that correctly?)


God, help me to finish everything I sta..


God, please help me to keep my mind on one...

Look a butterfly!

thing at a time.


God help me to do only what I can, trusting you for all the rest. But would you mind putting that in writing?


Lord keep me open to others' ideas, WRONG though they may be.


Lord, please help me to be a little less independent but in my own way, of course.


Lord, please help me follow our established procedures today. On second thought, I'll settle for a couple of minutes.


Lord, help me slow downandnotrushthroughwhatIdo.

Original source is Elis N. Harsham

Monday, 13 April 2015

Learning Style dimension combinations that most affect teaching and learning


IN's Thoughtful innovators (@10%)

This type is the best at solving problems. They like to work at their own pace on their own ideas. They like to make creative, and scientific things. They would rather express themselves through their thoughts, instead of socializing with lots of others. They don't like doing busy work or things that don't make sense.

Saturday, 11 April 2015


From Anglo-Norman havok in the phrase crier havok (“cry havoc”) a signal to soldiers to seize plunder, from Old French crier (“cry out, shout”) + havot (“pillaging, looting”).

We don't see things as they are, we see them as we are

“We don't see things as they are, we see them as we are.”

― Anaïs Nin

Tuesday, 7 April 2015

Four Functions

“The four functions are somewhat like the four points of the compass; they are just as arbitrary and just as indispensable. Nothing prevents our shifting the cardinal points as many degrees as we like in one direction or the other, or giving them different names…but the one thing I must confess: I would not for anything dispense with this compass on my psychological voyages of discovery.”
C.G. Jung, Psychological Types

Monday, 6 April 2015


Pride is considered one of the seven deadly sins, probably because of confusion with hubris, arrogance, vanity, narcissism, bluster, stubborn pride, or boasting. While we admire people with high stature, we dislike braggarts. (extract)

Feeling or Emotion

The foremost misconception about Feeling is that Feeling is somehow irrational. Indeed, when Jung wrote Psychological Types he broke with a tradition stretching back at least 250 years that tended to regard feelings as irrational impulses stemming from the heart (and this tradition is still very much alive today). For better or worse, Jung went against the grain of this tradition when he set out to craft his typology and insisted that Feeling was a rational function. (extract)

Feeling (probably irrational) leading to an improved emotional state?

Saturday, 4 April 2015

Meme Creator

NIPT-"the virus"
This identity subtype tries to infect others with a prevailing thought in order to create self-replicating satellites. The best memes are created by the NIPT.

pre·vail·ing (prĭ-vā′lĭng)
1. Generally current; widespread: the prevailing attitude.
2. Blowing usually or most frequently from a given direction: a prevailing easterly wind.

sat·el·lite (săt′l-īt′)
1. An object launched to orbit Earth or another celestial body, as a device for reflecting or relaying radio signals or for capturing images.
2. Astronomy A celestial body, such as a moon, planet, comet, or other solar system body, that orbits a larger body.
3. A small unit in a system or organization that is managed or controlled by a larger, often centrally located unit.
4. A nation dominated politically and economically by another nation.
5. An urban or suburban community located near a big city.
a. One who attends a powerful dignitary; a subordinate.
b. A subservient follower; a sycophant.

meme (mēm)
A unit of cultural information, such as a cultural practice or idea, that is transmitted verbally or by repeated action from one mind to another.

Monday, 30 March 2015

Six Seasons

Modern mid-latitude ecological
Six seasons can be distinguished which do not have fixed calendar-based dates like the meteorological and astronomical seasons.[17] Mild temperate regions tend to experience the beginning of the hibernal season up to a month later than cool temperate areas, while the prevernal and vernal seasons begin up to a month earlier. For example, prevernal crocus blooms typically appear as early as February in mild coastal areas of British Columbia, the British Isles, and western and southern Europe. The actual dates for each season vary by climate region and can shift from one year to the next. Average dates listed here are for mild and cool temperate climate zones in the Northern Hemisphere:

Prevernal (early or pre-spring): Begins February or late January (mild temperate), March (cool temperate). Deciduous tree buds begin to swell. Migrating birds fly from winter to summer habitats.
Vernal (spring): Begins March (mild temperate), April (cool temperate). Tree buds burst into leaves. Birds establish territories and begin mating and nesting.
Estival (high summer): Begins June in most temperate climates. Trees in full leaf. Birds hatch and raise offspring.
Serotinal (late summer): Generally begins mid to late August. Deciduous leaves begin to change color. Young birds reach maturity and join other adult birds preparing for autumn migration.
Autumnal (autumn): Generally begins mid to late September. Tree leaves in full color then turn brown and fall to the ground. Birds migrate back to wintering areas.
Hibernal (winter): Begins December (mild temperate), November (cool temperate). Deciduous trees are bare and fallen leaves begin to decay. Migrating birds settled in winter habitats.

Friday, 13 February 2015

New Year around the World

New Year around the world

Sunday, 8 February 2015

15 Common Defence Mechanisms

15 Common Defence Mechanisms

Sunday, 18 January 2015

The Difference Between Statesmen and Politicians

The Difference Between Statesmen and Politicians
According to the World Book Dictionary, a politician is "A person who gives much time to political affairs; a person who is experienced in politics." A statesman is defined as "A person who is skilled in the management of public or national affairs." The difference in definitions is subtle, but the difference in practice is enormous.
To use a football analogy, both Marion Campbell (former coach of the Atlanta Falcons) and Tom Landry (former coach of the Dallas Cowboys) were experienced coaches, and they devoted a great deal of time to their profession. Using the criteria for a politician, Campbell and Landry were equals. But while a politician is described as "experienced," a statesman is described as "skilled.


Monday, 9 June 2014

Ladder of Abstraction

“Experience without theory is blind, but theory without experience is mere intellectual play.”
— Immanuel Kant

Friday, 23 May 2014

Communism vs Socialism

In a way, communism is an extreme form of socialism. Many countries have dominant socialist political parties but very few are truly communist. In fact, most countries - including staunch capitalist bastions like the U.S. and U.K. - have government programs that borrow from socialist principles. "Socialism" is sometimes used interchangeably with "communism" but the two philosophies have some stark differences. Most notably, while communism is a political system, socialism is primarily an economic system that can exist in various forms under a wide range of political systems.

Sunday, 20 April 2014

Paragon Test

I like the Paragon Test.

Friday, 14 March 2014


The Nesters

INFP - "martyr" - In this mood, the INFP tends to sacrifice herself in an effort to promote her particular sense of truth.
INPF - Don Quixote of La Mancha - Like a more refined version of the "martyr," an INFP in this mood tends to turn his very identity into a metaphor for the truth he promotes.
IFNP - "transcendentalist" - This isolation-prone mood tends to idealize simplicity and a-rationality.
IFPN - "sentimentalist" - A combination of strong sensory and feeling preference makes this mood prone to collecting various objects to symbolize emotional states and periods in time.
IPFN - Bilbo Baggins (“master of baths”) - The combination of a highly fluid identity and relative sensory preference in this mood means the INFP likes an inordinate quantity of alone time.
IPNF - "monk" - Stasis and detachment tend to mark this mood. Often mistaken for an INTP.
+ + +

The Manipulators

NIPF - "Jedi master" ("Sith lord") - An INFP in this mood may create concord or discord without appearing involved. Its motives remain inscrutable. Of the INFPs mistaken for INTPs, this is the most dangerous from an INTP perspective.
NIFP - "crusader" - Much like the "Jedi master", but with a strong sense of right and wrong, this mood excels at intuiting the motives of others.
NFIP - "evangelist" - An INFP in this mood is like a more extraverted "crusader," and uses this power to make large groups of people feel good or bad.
NFPI - "performance artist" (Lady Gaga) - This mood generally manifests as an "evangelist" turned up to 11 on a scale of 1 to 10, and may make others uncomfortable.
NPFI - "flower power" ("Zen seminar disruptor") - They want to mediate, but tend to rely on the single answer: "We're all one, man!"
NPIF - Noah ("zookeeper") - Likely to notice and include those left out by others, an INFP in this mood collects personalities into elaborate menageries of potential. Everyone has a place in the grand scheme of life.

+ + +

The Daydreamers

PINF - “philosopher” ("false INTP") - Those of this especially calm and absentminded mood may mistakenly claim the type that fits their feelings about themselves the best, the INTP.
PIFN - "angry aesthete" (“lover of beauty”) - Tying their identity to art, an INFP in this mood is angry about the very existence of art of low quality. Unfortunately, they're usually right.
PFIN - Elliot Smith (“lyricist”) - This poetic mood combines skill with words and patterns to express feelings in writing or song that would be more difficult or uncomfortable to say in a plainer fashion.
PFNI - Stevie Nicks (“collaborator”) - More extraverted than a "lyricist", an INFP in this mood will usually rely on help from others to promote their agenda, whatever that may be. Lucky for us, it's usually artistic.
PNFI - Totoro - An INFP in this mood knows that the possibility for dreamy cuddles is endless. Just don't piss it off.
PNIF - Bukowski - I told you not to piss Totoro off. An INFP in this mood is more comfortable with combining seemingly incompatible things (at least in the eyes of others) and less averse to conflict than usual for the INFP type.

+ + +

The Nurturers

FINP - "moralist" (“counselor”) - The SJ of the INFP universe, an INFP in this mood carries a very robust moral code and is not shy about expressing it.
FIPN - "veterinarian" (“caretaker”) - Healers in every sense of the word, these are like the "moralist", but they tend to focus on the physical body of the "patient" first.
FNIP - Samwise Gamgee (Snuggie) - An INFP in this mood is always trying to find simple solutions to the emotional turmoil in people's lives. Once they find such solutions, they try to apply them wherever possible.
FNPI - "cuddle puddle" (“champion”) - This nurturer tends to use its very personality as an emotional ointment for the troubles of their subject.
FPIN - "fur suit" (“cosplayer”) - An INFP in this mood is preoccupied with the possibilities for refined emotions. This can lead it to a variety of novel solutions for self- and group-expression.
FPNI - Care Bear - A less refined version of the "fur suit," an INFP in this mood tries to craft novel emotional solutions for each separate relationship.


Thursday, 13 February 2014

How to Collaborate

Different strategies for dealing with conflict
Avoidance, accommodation, competition, compromise and collaboration are the five usual ways of dealing with conflict.
Avoidance is very commonly used, and involves avoiding the person or the situation involved in the conflict. This method isn’t usually helpful as nothing is resolved, but it may be necessary if you feel too vulnerable to cope with the situation
Accommodation is where you ‘submit’ to the conflict, e.g. by listening to unhelpful criticism and believing it. If you have low self-esteem you are more likely to use this method. Like avoidance, it is not a very successful method of resolving issues. It could be used if you know a solution is coming soon from an outside source
Competition is where the conflict becomes a ‘fight’, e.g. a colleague tells your manager you’ve been leaving early, so you retaliate by telling your manager that they’ve been stealing supplies. This often leads to the conflict escalating. It also means you are lowering yourself to the other person’s level
Compromise is where you work out a solution where you both ‘give a little’, e.g. if your colleague wants help with their project, you offer to help them with half of it. This is a more useful strategy but it can leave both parties feeling a little disappointed
Collaboration is where you commit to working together to arrive at a solution that is acceptable to both of you - a ‘win-win’ situation. This method is explained in more detail below.

How to collaborate
Collaboration can feel risky as it involves being very clear about your needs and having an open conversation with the other person to try and understand their point of view. To collaborate successfully, you need to:
Recognize that part of the responsibility for the conflict is your own. You may have avoided addressing the conflict earlier, or you may have reasons for your position that you haven’t been open about. Taking responsibility for this may encourage the other person to do the same.
Learn how to manage yourself during the conversation, e.g. how to relax if you are likely to become angry, or how to be more assertive if you lack confidence. It might help to have a third person present for your conversation. Getting emotional during the conversation is unlikely to be helpful.
Have confidence in what you are saying. Make sure this comes across by maintaining eye contact, having positive body language and not sitting while the other person is standing.
Try to focus on the behaviour and not on the person, e.g. ‘I find it difficult to concentrate when you talk loudly’ rather than ‘you’re such an awful gossip’.
Try and find out why the other person feels the way they do – if you can understand each other’s reasons then you’ll be more likely to come up with a solution that suits both of you.
Remember that people who enjoy creating conflict are often re-enacting difficulties from their lives previously – seeing their behaviour in this way may help you to be empathetic and will mean the conflict is more likely to be resolved.

Conflict Resolution

Thomas (1976) proposes that each of the five management styles identified may be effective depending on the situation. In fact, he matches the five conflict management styles with the appropriate situation as follows:


- When the issue is trivial
- When the costs outweigh the benefits of resolution
- To let the situation cool down
- When getting more information is imperative
- When others can solve the problem more effectively
- When the problem is a symptom rather than a cause


- When the objectives are important, but not worth the effort or potential disruption likely to result from assertive behaviour
- When there is a "standoff"
- To gain temporary settlements to complex problems
- To expedite action when time is important
- When collaboration or competition fails


- When quick, decisive action is essential, as in emergencies
- When critical issues require unpopular action, as in cost cutting
- When issues are vital to the welfare of the organization
- Against individuals who take unfair advantage of others


- When you find you have made a mistake
- When the issues are more important to others
- To build good will for more important matters
- To minimize losses when defeat is inevitable
- When harmony and stability are particularly important
- To allow subordinates a chance to learn from their mistakes


- When both sets of concerns are so important that only an integrative solution is acceptable; compromise is unsatisfactory
- When the goal is to learn
- To integrate insights from individuals with different perspectives
- When consensus and commitment are important
- To break through ill feelings that have hindered relationships (pp. 101, 102).

How to deal with the Work Programme

How to deal with the Work Programme (a Sociological Perspective):

This is the most common and natural reaction. The idea is that the problem will go away. It won't and not turning up for appointments will get you sanctioned and makes everything worse. The idea is the authority will pick on someone else. It is a short term psychological comfort zone and unsuccessful in practical terms.

Taking on board the rules and following like a mouse. This scheme might be highly successful but it is only suited to certain naive personalities. This can be very upsetting if the client follows the rules and then gets accused of not complying. Grounds for complaint then.

Fighting them every inch of the way and with your knowledge and their inadequacies you win your point. But it goes nowhere.

This I decided was the best way (second thoughts now) and I would agree in principle with the motives. This is the best solution, but tension occurs if the untrained (important point) adviser is punitive and does not want to play his part. Solution possible if there are sufficient jobs around.
Danger: if they change the rules. This would be grounds for complaint.

The power balance and rules do not allow this solution with an untrained adviser/negotiator. The client will get parked or sanctioned as unhelpful and will have to make his own way in the world. I think this would be the best option for me. Painful tension.


This is not out of my personal ken. I have seen this reaction when a person has a certain personality trait. It seems like a mental illness and they are out of control in a bad way. Some psychologists think this is even normal! The person committed suicide.
With clumsy incompetent behaviour of untrained advisors may quickly reach this situation.
They deal with released criminals and may themselves be in danger. Or the fellow clients at the WP could be in danger as well. There is no way of telling these nutters from their personal appearance.


There is an important rider. Some people who have a mental breakdown (for want of a better word) caused by abuse or trauma or head injury, brain illness, sustained bullying. This means that the "tough love" approach may exacerbate an underlying condition and cause a worsening of their life quality. These are hidden illnesses and are outside the scope of recruitment advisers.

Sunday, 26 January 2014

You See What You Are

“What you see and what you hear depends a great deal on where you are standing. It also depends on what sort of person you are.”

― C.S. Lewis, The Magician's Nephew

Book of Optics

Book of Optics

Thursday, 2 January 2014

Seven Liberal Arts of Classical Study

In medieval universities, the trivium comprised the three subjects that were taught first: grammar, logic, and rhetoric. The word is a Latin term meaning "the three ways" or "the three roads" forming the foundation of a medieval liberal arts education. This study was preparatory for the quadrivium, which consists of geometry, arithmetic, astronomy, and music. Combining the trivium and quadrivium results in the seven liberal arts of classical study.

Sunday, 22 December 2013

Coping Skills (Wiki)

The term coping generally refers to adaptive or constructive coping strategies, i.e., the strategies reduce stress levels. However, some coping strategies can be considered maladaptive, i.e., stress levels increase. Maladaptive coping can thus be described, in effect, as non-coping. Furthermore, the term coping generally refers to reactive coping, i.e., the coping response follows the stressor. This contrasts with proactive coping, in which a coping response aims to head off a future stressor.
Coping responses are partly controlled by personality (habitual traits), but also partly by the social context, particularly the nature of the stressful environment.

Friday, 20 December 2013


Specific ethics of respect are of fundamental importance to various cultures. Respect for tradition and legitimate authority is identified by Jonathan Haidt, a professor at the New York University Stern School of Business, as one of five fundamental moral values shared to a greater or lesser degree by different societies and individuals.

Respect can be both given and/or received. Depending on an individual's cultural reference frame, respect can be something that is earned. Respect is often thought of as earned or built over time.

Thursday, 19 December 2013


% Four Types

Guardian 46%
Artisan 22%
Rational 15%
Idealist 17%

Extrovert 47% vs. Introvert 53%
Sensing 74% vs. INtuitive 26%
Thinking 47% vs. Feeling 53%
Judging 54% vs. Perceiving 46%

Men and Women are basically the same for all categories except for Thinking-Feeling which is 2 to 1

Note: The four temperaments are

SJ = 46% Melancholic (almost half!)
SP = 22% Sanguine
NF = 17% Phlegmatic
NT = 15% Choleric

































My experience:

My experience of TOTAL POPULATION:; INTJ: 11% INTP: 3% Extreme INTP: 1.5% ENTJ: 0.8% ENTP: 0.2%. I stress my experience in England, UK. I do not mix with many high fliers and I did not go to Grammar School. Most INTP and other Rationals would have done.

Tuesday, 17 December 2013

Careers Link

Suggested Careers for Myers-Briggs Type
The following list is made up of recommended careers. This list is not a list of the "only jobs you can do", but simply a guide to which career utilizes the natural talents of each type.

Monday, 2 December 2013

Stress v Resilience

Resilience is the ability to adapt to significant adversity and trauma, to recover quickly, to bounce back. Resilient individuals may have an acute stress reaction after going through a traumatic incident. They may go into a tail-spin and suffer temporary symptoms such as sleeplessness, shock, anxiety, disbelief, and depression. But it is temporary and within a month they get back to normal. It may not be exactly the same state as before. It may be what’s referred to as a “new normal”, which is a little higher or lower than the old emotional state, but it is a state of homeostasis and the individual will be fully functioning.

Sunday, 1 December 2013

Don't count the white figures

Don't count the white figures. Describe what you see?

Saturday, 30 November 2013

Losing my Grip

John Jiao Wang
Carl Jung believes that F and T contradict one another, and operate independently.

I for one believe that is bullshit.

For one thing, Carl Jung is known to be (and states himself) detached from his own emotions, and highly logical. I propose that his assumption that F and T operate independently may have been greatly biased by the nature of his own mind.


I think it might be consecutive. Emotion leads, then thinking, then emotion, but not both at the same time ??? Not sure though. When I have "lost my grip" or in the grip of emotions, my thinking goes asunder. Tongue-tied again.

Is Intuition Always Right?

Is Intuition Always Right?

The answer to this question is yes and no. Your purest intuitions are always right but those tinged by your own thoughts and emotions may only be partially correct or even completely wrong. With practice, you can learn to assess your intuitive experiences and identify when they are more likely to be right.

Writer type PNIT

Writer type PNIT: Introvert 67% Intuitive 83% Thinker 58% Perception 96%

These are my scores

as assessed using the Paragon Inventory

Friday, 22 November 2013


Although many people view being introverted or extraverted as a question with only two possible answers, most contemporary trait theories measure levels of extraversion-introversion as part of a single, continuous dimension of personality, with some scores near one end, and others near the half-way mark,[10] see the Big Five personality traits. Ambiversion is falling more or less directly in the middle.[4][11] An ambivert is moderately comfortable with groups and social interaction, but also relishes time alone, away from a crowd.

Sunday, 17 November 2013

The Obvious

What is obvious to me might not be obvious to anyone else. The obvious is literally that which stands in one's way, in front of or over against oneself. One has to begin by recognizing that it exists for oneself.

Wednesday, 6 November 2013

Groupthink and Doublethink

Groupthink is a psychological phenomenon that occurs within a group of people, in which the desire for harmony or conformity in the group results in an incorrect or deviant decision-making outcome. Group members try to minimize conflict and reach a consensus decision without critical evaluation of alternative ideas or viewpoints, and by isolating themselves from outside influences.
Loyalty to the group requires individuals to avoid raising controversial issues or alternative solutions, and there is loss of individual creativity, uniqueness and independent thinking. The dysfunctional group dynamics of the "ingroup" produces an "illusion of invulnerability" (an inflated certainty that the right decision has been made). Thus the "ingroup" significantly overrates their own abilities in decision-making, and significantly underrates the abilities of their opponents (the "outgroup").

Doublethink is the act of ordinary people simultaneously accepting two mutually contradictory beliefs as correct, often in distinct social contexts.[1] Doublethink is related to, but differs from, hypocrisy and neutrality. Somewhat related but almost the opposite is cognitive dissonance, where contradictory beliefs cause conflict in one's mind. Doublethink is notable due to a lack of cognitive dissonance — thus the person is completely unaware of any conflict or contradiction.
George Orwell coined the word doublethink in his dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949); doublethink is part of newspeak. In the novel, its origin within the typical citizen is unclear; while it could be partly a product of Big Brother's formal brainwashing programs,[2] the novel explicitly shows people learning Doublethink and newspeak due to peer pressure and a desire to "fit in", or gain status within the Party — to be seen as a loyal Party Member. In the novel, while to even recognize, much less mention any contradiction within the context of the Party line was akin to blasphemy and subject to possible disciplinary action. More certain was the instant social disapproval of fellow Party Members.

Friday, 1 November 2013

Ring them Changes (People Never Change)

If someone utters "people never change" ?

People change all the time. But somehow they stay the same.

My impression is (1) the underlying nature of the person remains the same in the long term (2) the masquerade adopted remains the same in the medium term. So in all practical purposes in interpersonal relations the other person does not change. A change to the act is possible by means of affection, intimidation and other emotional effects. Trauma blasts away the mask.

(1) Jungian
(2) Millon (Freudian)

After trauma, people often feel they are a different person. The event(s) has stripped away their dignity (more likely their survival mask) and revealed their true selves. Unfortunately, he is a stranger. More importantly, the mask was adopted by the pressures of the world is (dys-) functional in the real existence to obtain income.

Tuesday, 29 October 2013

Beware of the Northmen (Barbarians)

The first duty of the government is “that of protecting the society from the violence and invasion of other independent societies … by means of [the] military

Read more:
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Paragon Learning Style Inventory (PLSI)

Saturday, 26 October 2013

INtuition & Tuition

the ability to understand something instinctively, without the need for conscious reasoning.

intuition (n.) Look up intuition at
mid-15c., from Late Latin intuitionem (nominative intuitio) "a looking at, consideration," noun of action from past participle stem of Latin intueri "look at, consider," from in- "at, on" (see in- (2)) + tueri "to look at, watch over" (see tuition).
intuit (v.) Look up intuit at
1776, "to tutor," from Latin intuit-, past participle stem of intueri (see intuition). Meaning "to perceive directly without reasoning" is from 1840, in this sense perhaps a back-formation from intuition. Related: Intuited; intuiting.
intuitive (adj.) Look up intuitive at
1640s, from Middle French intuitif or directly from Medieval Latin intuitivus, from intuit-, past participle stem of intueri "look at, consider" (see intuition). Related: Intuitively; intuitiveness.

teaching or instruction, especially of individual pupils or small groups.

tuition (n.) Look up tuition at
mid-15c., "protection, care, custody," from Anglo-French tuycioun (late 13c.), from Old French tuicion "guardianship," from Latin tuitionem (nominative tuitio) "a looking after, defense, guardianship," from tuitus, past participle of tueri "to look after" (see tutor). Meaning "action or business of teaching pupils" is recorded from 1580s. The meaning "money paid for instruction" (1828) is probably short for tuition fees, in which tuition refers to the act of teaching and instruction.

Types of Existence

Personal existence, human existence, and cosmological existence? It is apt to confuse the question does God Exist? (Different types of existence is a relatively new thought to me.) I think I had always thought in terms of human existence before.

This alters to does God Exist, Exist does God to is God = Existence.

Emotion to replace Feeling (Perseus System MBTI)

Feeling is the nominalization of the verb to feel. The word was first used in the English language to describe the physical sensation of touch through either experience or perception. The word is also used to describe experiences, other than the physical sensation of touch, such as "a feeling of warmth".

In psychology, the word is usually reserved for the conscious subjective experience of emotion.

Thursday, 24 October 2013

MBTI Heads

What personality type are you?

Modus vivendi

Modus vivendi is a Latin phrase signifying an agreement between those whose opinions differ, such that they agree to disagree.
Modus means mode, way. Vivendi means of living. Together, way of living, implies an accommodation between disputing parties to allow life to go on. It usually describes informal and temporary arrangements in political affairs. For example, where two sides reach a modus vivendi regarding disputed territories, despite political, historical or cultural incompatibilities, an accommodation of their respective differences is established for the sake of contingency. This sense of the term has been used as a keystone in the political philosophy of John Gray.

Playing Cards

The four suits now used in most of the world — spades, hearts, diamonds, and clubs — originated in France in about 1480. The trèfle (club) was probably derived from the acorn and the pique (spade) from the leaf of the German suits. The names "pique" and "spade", however, may have derived from the sword of the Italian suits.[20] In England, the French suits were eventually used, although the earliest decks had the Italian suits.[citation needed]
Also in the 15th century, Europeans changed the court cards to represent European royalty and attendants, originally "king", "chevalier" (knight), and "knave". The original meaning of knave was male child (cf German Knabe), so in this context the character could represent the "prince", son to the King and Queen; the meaning servant developed later.[21][22] In a German pack from the 1440s, Queens replace Kings in two of the suits as the highest card. Decks of 56 cards containing in each suit a King, Queen, Knight, and Valet (from the French tarot court) were common.

Thursday, 17 October 2013

Quarter Days (England)

The English quarter days (also observed in Wales and the Channel Islands) are:
Lady Day (25 March)
Midsummer Day (24 June)
Michaelmas (29 September)
Christmas (25 December)

Lady Day was also the first day of the year in British dominions (excluding Scotland) until 1752 (when it was harmonised with the Scottish practice of 1 January being New Year's Day). The British tax year still starts on 'Old' Lady Day (6 April under the Gregorian calendar corresponded to 25 March under the Julian calendar). The dates of the Quarter Days observed in northern England until the 18th century were the same as those in Scotland.

The cross-quarter days are four holidays falling in between the quarter days: Candlemas (2 February), May Day (1 May), Lammas (1 August), and All Hallows (1 November). The Scottish term days, which fulfil a similar role as days on which rents are paid, correspond more nearly to the cross-quarter days than to the English quarter days.

Tuesday, 1 October 2013

Black Dog

The bad ISTJ are known as BLACK DOG. they cause a very deep depression (oppression) amongst their victims.

Sunday, 22 September 2013


Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi describes people who are internally driven, and as such may exhibit a sense of purpose and curiosity, as autotelic. This determination is an exclusive difference from being externally driven, where things such as comfort, money, power, or fame are the motivating force.

Thursday, 19 September 2013

Niccolo Machiavelli (quote)

Niccolo Machiavelli

"It is necessary to be a fox to discover snares and a lion to terrify wolves. Those who rely simply on the lion do not understand."

Explorers = Perceivers + Intuition = Abstract

Sense = Realism
Intuition = Abstract

Perceiving = Exploring

Alternative descriptions which may be helpful.

Tuesday, 27 August 2013

Logic & Experience

In 1921 Albert Einstein won the Nobel Prize for Physics. In 1923 he gave a speech in celebration of Poincare at Oxford.

The question he addressed was "How shall we conceive the relation between empirical data and scientific theories?".

He praised Euclid, Kepler and Galileo and then said:

" Pure logical thinking can give us no knowledge whatsoever of the world of experience; all knowledge about reality begins with experience and terminates in it.
Conclusions obtained by purely rational processes are, so far as reality is concerned, entirely empty. It was because he [Galileo] recognised this, and especially because he impressed it upon the scientific world that Galileo became the father of modern physics and in fact of the whole of modern natural science ".

Friday, 9 August 2013

Seize the Day

Sieze the Day by Saul Bellow

page 69 pbk

Money making is aggression "I'm going to make a killing"

Croos ref:

Sadistic Assertive type, Active.

Sunday, 7 July 2013


Robert C. Solomon places contempt on the same continuum as resentment and anger, and he argues that the differences between the three is that resentment is directed toward a higher status individual; anger is directed toward an equal status individual; and contempt is directed toward a lower status individual. (wiki)

Wednesday, 8 May 2013

M for Mother M for eMotion

Cognitive theories
With the two-factor theory now incorporating cognition, several theories began to argue that cognitive activity in the form of judgments, evaluations, or thoughts was entirely necessary for an emotion to occur. One of the main proponents of this view was Richard Lazarus who argued that emotions must have some cognitive intentionality. The cognitive activity involved in the interpretation of an emotional context may be conscious or unconscious and may or may not take the form of conceptual processing.
Lazarus' theory is very influential; emotion is a disturbance that occurs in the following order:
Cognitive appraisal—The individual assesses the event cognitively, which cues the emotion.
Physiological changes—The cognitive reaction starts biological changes such as increased heart rate or pituitary adrenal response.
Action—The individual feels the emotion and chooses how to react.
For example: Jenny sees a snake.
Jenny cognitively assesses the snake in her presence. Cognition allows her to understand it as a danger.
Her brain activates Adrenaline gland which pumps Adrenaline through her blood stream resulting in increased heartbeat.
Jenny screams and runs away.
Lazarus stressed that the quality and intensity of emotions are controlled through cognitive processes. These processes underline coping strategies that form the emotional reaction by altering the relationship between the person and the environment.

Emotion v Thinking (MBTI)

PS: I have just decided that the polar opposites of Feeling and Thinking is misworded. I prefer Emotion and Thinking and the Perseus System will adopt my new terminology. Feeling is too equated with the sense of touch.

My Paragon MBTI score

Introvert 66% Intuitive 83% Thinker 58% Perception 96%

Saturday, 27 April 2013

Planet Waves

Hermes.......... Mercury
Aphrodite....... Venus
Gaia........... Terran
Ares.............. Mars

Zeus.......... Jupiter
Kronos......... Saturn
Uranus......... Caelus
Poseidon........ Neptune

Uranus is the Latinized form of Ouranos (Οὐρανός), the Greek word for sky.

Wednesday, 3 April 2013

Paragon Learning Style Inventory

Paragon Learning Style Inventory

Sunday, 31 March 2013

Terran Federation

The Kommissar indicated that the incident of rebellion was less than one in 100,000 and that many of these were snuffed out in youth. Despite all these efforts, or perhaps because of them, the Federation was never able to quite stamp out resistance.

Saturday, 30 March 2013

Celtic Festivals

Celtic Festivals

The Celtic year was divided into two halves, the dark and the light. Samhain was the beginning of the dark half, with its counterpart, Beltane beginning the light half. Between these two 'doors' or portals fell Imbolc, on February 1, and Lughnasadh or Lammas, celebrated on August 1, quartering the Celtic year. These quarters were again divided by the solstices and equinoxes, which were known as the four Albans.

Refer to:

Thursday, 28 March 2013

MBTI dimension translator

In dealing with people with differing traits, it helps to determine how best to communicate with them. It's best to "talk their language"

MBTI Relationship Matrix

The MBTI is a powerful way to discover one's personality preferences. But it's more interesting to see how two personalities come together. Instead of displaying a huge table of all possible combinations, I'll list all the different type dynamics according to the differences in a particular type.

MBTI and sexuality

Sexually, the INTP usually approaches intimacy with enthusiasm and excitement. Some INTPs play down entirely the need for sexual relations in their lives, but most use their rich imaginations and child-like enthusiasm to make the most of the moment. The INTP will usually be experiencing the moment with vivid intensity inside their own minds, although this may or may not be apparent to their partner.

Sexually, The ENFP is creative, perfectionistic, playful and affectionate. Their rich fantasy world makes them fun and creative lovers, who usually have new ideas up their sleeves. They whole-heartedly embrace the opportunity for closeness with their mates, believing sexual intimacy to be a positive, fun way to express how much you love each other.

Tuesday, 26 March 2013

Gender Roles (20th century)

Take the Bem Sex-Role Inventory
You can take the Bem Sex-Role Inventory online - with instant scoring (write down your numbers when the pop-up results screen comes up, it doesn't save them for you). This was one of the most widely used gender scales (and may still be). A 25-year re-evaluation suggested it needs to be revised - not sure if it was or not - seemed pretty sex-role traditional to me.

Here is a brief summary on interpreting your results (more is available at their website):
Find out your sex type by consulting the following chart.
Masculinity greater than 4.9 and Femininity greater than 4.9 = Androgynous
Masculinity greater than 4.9 and Femininity less than 4.9 = Male sex-typed
Masculinity less than 4.9 and Femininity greater than 4.9 = Female sex-typed
Masculinity less than 4.9 and Femininity less than 4.9 - Undifferentiated
The publisher of The Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) describes the purpose of the test in this way:
"The Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) provides independent assessments of masculinity and femininity in terms of the respondent’s self-reported possession of socially desirable, stereotypically masculine and feminine personality characteristics. This can also be seen as a measurement of the extent to which respondents spontaneously sort self-relevant information into distinct masculine and feminine categories. The self administering 60-item questionnaire measures masculinity, femininity, androgyny, and undifferentiated, using the Masculinity and Femininity scales." -
Main web page visited: