Wednesday, 6 April 2011


man·date (mndt)
1. An authoritative command or instruction.
2. A command or an authorization given by a political electorate to its representative.
a. A commission from the League of Nations authorizing a member nation to administer a territory.
b. A region under such administration.
4. Law
a. An order issued by a superior court or an official to a lower court.
b. A contract by which one party agrees to perform services for another without payment.
tr.v. man·dat·ed, man·dat·ing, man·dates
1. To assign (a colony or territory) to a specified nation under a mandate.
2. To make mandatory, as by law; decree or require: mandated desegregation of public schools.


[Latin mandtum, from neuter past participle of mandre, to order; see man-2 in Indo-European roots.]

Tuesday, 5 April 2011


Moclobemide: an anti-depressant drug that does not seem to have the side effects of the ones most often prescribed

Monday, 4 April 2011

Feeling Culture

Feelings are facts: you feel what you feel. It doesn't have to be reasonable, justified, or what other people feel. Feelings do not have brains. They are not logical! Part of recovery is learning what you do feel so you can take care of yourself. Trying to take care of yourself without knowing what you feel is like trying to budget without knowing your income.

Feelings are not facts: Emotional reasoning is a distorted way of thinking common in our society: I feel it therefore it is true. I feel hurt therefore he/ she meant to hurt me. I feel guilty therefore I am guilty. Many of us tend to feel hurt by or guilty about everything. It comes with our culture, but we don't have to believe it.

Five Stages of Recovery for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).

There are five stages of recovery for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).

The first stage is called the “emergency” or outcry stage. The

victim’s responses are very intense and run at high levels where they feel the “fight or flight” response come over them when faced with a life-threatening situation. Their feelings can last as long as the victim feels this situation is still present. These victims can display physical signs such as rapid breathing, rapid pulse, and elevated blood pressure. Muscle movements are usually still increased. Feelings of fear and helplessness overtake their bodies. When the situation has ended, the victim is truly relieved, but very confused as to what occurred and why.

The next phase is the emotional numbing and denial phase. In this phase the survivor protects themselves by denying these emotions and trying to forget them. They avoid emotion to eliminate anxiety and stress they are feeling. Many victims cannot remove themselves from this state and may remain in it throughout their lives without professional assistance.

The third phase is called the “intrusive-repetitive” phase. The survivors now have nightmares, can have volatile mood swings and intrusive images, and display higher startle responses. They may go into an antisocial stage to be used as an internal defense mechanism as to not have to relive the trauma. Mandated professional help may be required if the survivor has become so overwhelmed with stress that they can no longer cope.

The fourth phase is “reflective – transition”. In this phase the survivor has a larger picture of the events and moves forward with a positive and constructive outcome and do not look back on the negative. This could be called the healing process as they are able to deal with the issues constructively and confront the trauma head on.

The final stage is the integration phase. In this fifth stage the survivor has succeeded in overcoming the trauma and past experiences. They can now move forward by placing the trauma securely in the past and can regain peace within themselves.

Reprinted with permission of Vancleave, D. M. (2007).

Extracted (for research purposes) from the following web page:


Synchronicity is the experience of two or more events, that are apparently causally unrelated or unlikely to occur together by chance, that are observed to occur together in a meaningful manner. The concept of synchronicity was first described by Swiss psychologist Carl Gustav Jung in the 1920s.[1]

The concept does not question, or compete with, the notion of causality. Instead, it maintains that just as events may be grouped by cause, they may also be grouped by their meaning. Since meaning is a complex mental construction, subject to conscious and unconscious influence, not every correlation in the grouping of events by meaning needs to have an explanation in terms of cause and effect.

cf. memes

Saturday, 2 April 2011